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Installation 설치
Fedora 34 contains two potentially breaking changes related to system installation: 페도라 34는 시스템 설치와 관련된 두 가지 잠재적인 주요 변경 사항이 포함되어 있습니다:
Multiple Kickstart commands have been deprecated or removed. Deprecated commands in Kickstarts will cause warnings, and removed commands will cause the installation to fail. Notably, this includes the `install` command, which is used in many older Kickstart files. See xref:sysadmin/Installation.adoc#sect-kickstart-deprecated-removed[Deprecated and removed Kickstart commands and options] for a full list of deprecations and removals. 여러 킥스타트 명령은 더 이상 사용되지 않거나 제거되었습니다. 킥스타트에서 더 이상 사용되지 않는 명령은 경고를 발생 시키고, 그리고 제거된 명령은 설치를 실패하게 합니다. 특히, 이는 많은 이전 킥스타트 파일에서 사용되는 `install` 명령을 포함합니다. 사용 중단과 제거를 위한 전체 목록은 xref:sysadmin/Installation.adoc#sect-kickstart-deprecated-removed[사용 중단과 제거된 킥스타트 명령 그리고 옵션]을 참조하세요.
All installer boot options now must use the `inst.` prefix, which was previously optional but recommended. Anaconda boot options such as `inst.repo=` will now be ignored if they do not use this prefix. 모든 설치자 부트 옵션은 이제 `inst.` 접두사를 사용해야만 하며, 이는 이전에 선택 사항이지만 추천되지 않습니다. `inst.repo=`와 같은 아나콘다 부트 옵션은 이제 만약 이와 같은 접두사를 사용하지 않는다면 무시 될 것입니다.
Anaconda changes 아나콘다 변경
This section covers changes in the [application]*Anaconda* installer, including changes in the graphical and text mode interactive installers, Kickstart, and installer boot options. 이 부분에서는 그래픽과 텍스트 모드 대화형 설치자, 킥스타트와 설치자 부트 선택에 있는 변경 사항을 포함하여, [application]*Anaconda* 설치자에서 변경 사항을 다룹니다.
General changes 일반 변경
The filesystem image containing the Anaconda installer, `images/install.img`, which is present both in DVD and netinstall ISOs, no longer embeds an ext4 filesystem image. Instead, files are stored directly in SquashFS, without an intermediate ext4 layer. Installer content is stored more efficiently this way, resulting in savings of up to 27MiB per ISO.
The installer mounts `/tmp` of the installed system as a `tmpfs` during the installation. (https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1306452) 설치자(인스톨러)는 설치 중에 `tmps`와 같은 설치된 시스템의 `/tmp`에 적재됩니다. (https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1306452)
The installer installs the kbd-legacy package to support non-ascii keyboard layouts. (https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1919483) 설치자(인스톨러)는 비-아스키 키보드 배열을 지원하는 kdb-legacy 꾸러미를 설치합니다. (https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1919483)
Crashes in wireless networking configuration in installer GUI have been fixed. (https://github.com/rhinstaller/anaconda/pull/2977) 설치자(인스톨러) GUI에 무선 네트워크 구성에 있는 충돌은 수정되었습니다. (https://github.com/rhinstaller/anaconda/pull/2977)
Persistent network configuration from Kickstart configuration is now created in a later stage (not in initramfs), so all the persistent configuration files are generated using the NetworkManager API, which results in:
Consistency between common kickstart configuration and configuration via kickstart %pre section (the same code path is used).
Consistency of generated configuration files. All files are now stored in the format configured in NetworkManager. In Fedora 33 configuration files created from kickstart configuration were stored in `ifcfg` files while other configuration paths (boot options, UI) were using `keyfile` files.
Added a metapackage for image dependencies - useful when generating `boot.iso`. (The plan is to eventually move stuff from lorax templates to there.) (https://github.com/rhinstaller/anaconda/pull/3126)
Removed support for the `nfsiso:` pseudo-protocol. Anaconda can these days detect that a `nfs:` target is an ISO file, so `nfsiso:` became redundant. (https://github.com/rhinstaller/anaconda/pull/2889)
Changes in boot options 부팅 선택에서 변경
The `inst.` prefix, which was previously recommended for use with Anaconda-specific boot options, is now mandatory. Anaconda boot options such as `inst.stage2=` or `inst.repo=` will now be ignored if they do not use the prefix. This change helps Anaconda avoid conflicts with other projects which may use the same kernel parameters. You can read the discussion of this change on the link:++https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/devel@lists.fedoraproject.org/thread/43LKTJOUO5TB7LGFWPRNXOYLEQF3KLGG/#ENTHA45Y6VO45FAD4ULPSHCTOXPML3PA++[devel mailing list].
The following boot options have been removed: 다음 부팅 선택은 제거되었습니다:
`inst.singlelang` - The single language mode has been removed some time ago. `inst.singlelang` - 이 단일 언어 방법은 얼마 전에 제거 되었습니다.