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$ [command]#dmesg|tail#
[288954.686557] usb 2-1.8: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=1, SerialNumber=2
[288954.686559] usb 2-1.8: Product: USB Storage
[288954.686562] usb 2-1.8: SerialNumber: 000000009225
[288954.712590] usb-storage 2-1.8:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[288954.712687] scsi host6: usb-storage 2-1.8:1.0
[288954.712809] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[288954.716682] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
[288955.717140] scsi 6:0:0:0: Direct-Access Generic STORAGE DEVICE 9228 PQ: 0 ANSI: 0
[288955.717745] sd 6:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg4 type 0
[288961.876382] sd 6:0:0:0: *sdd* Attached SCSI removable disk
$ [command]#mediawriter#
$ [command]#sudo dnf install mediawriter#
$ [command]#sudo mediawriter#
> $download_checksum = [System.BitConverter]::ToString($sha256.ComputeHash([System.IO.File]::ReadAllBytes("$PWD\$image"))).ToLower() -replace '-', ''
$ grep '^SHA256' *-CHECKSUM | awk -F '[()=]' '{ print $4 " " $2 }' | shasum -a 256 -c
> $image = "Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso"
> $checksum_file = "Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM"
> $sha256 = New-Object -TypeName System.Security.Cryptography.sha256CryptoServiceProvider
> $expected_checksum = ((Get-Content $checksum_file | Select-String -Pattern $image) -split " ")[0].ToLower()
$ sha256sum -c *CHECKSUM
Always back up your data before performing an upgrade or reinstalling your system, no matter which method you choose.
Always think twice before writing an image to the device. The media creation methods described in this article are destructive. All data on the USB stick are deleted during the process, so make sure you have a back up of the data on the USB stick. Double check that you have selected correct device to write the image to!
[application]*Fedora Media Writer* has been significantly improved and is now the official, tested and supported way to make bootable media. [application]*Fedora Media Writer* supports Linux, Mac, and Windows. It is an easy way to make bootable USB media to install Fedora (or other operating systems). Using [application]*Fedora Media Writer* is strongly encouraged, although other USB media creation software can work as well.
Automatic upgrade using [application]*dnf system upgrade*
> cd $HOME\Downloads\
> ls
Compare the calculated checksum to the expected checksum.
# dd if=/path/to/Fedora-Live-Security-x86_64-21.iso of=/dev/sdd
Directory: C:\Users\Pete\Downloads
Downloading Boot and Installation Images
Download the Fedora image of your choice from link:++https://fedoraproject.org/get-fedora++[] and the corresponding checksum file from link:++https://getfedora.org/security/++[]
Download the latest Windows Installer file from link:++https://getfedora.org++[GetFedora.org]. The server automatically detects the running system and offers you the correct installation file for your Windows version.
> echo "Download Checksum: $download_checksum"
> echo "Expected Checksum: $expected_checksum"
> if ( $download_checksum -eq "$expected_checksum" ) {
echo "Checksum test passed!"
} else {
echo "Checksum test failed."
}