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anaconda/UserSpoke_Advanced.png anaconda/UserSpoke_Advanced.png
anaconda/UserSpoke.png anaconda/UserSpoke.png
The `Make this user administrator` check box gives the user you are creatng administrative rights (by adding this user into the `wheel` group), allowing this user to use the [command]#sudo# command to perform tasks normally only available to `root` using only the user password, instead of the `root` password. This may be more convenient, but can also pose a security risk. 你可以选择将用户添加到管理员组(也就是 `wheel` 组),这样子用户就可以通过 [command]#sudo# 命令而从只需要自己的密码就能执行特权任务。这可以使得许多工作变得简单,但也有可能带来安全隐患。
`The password you have provided is weak:` `The password is shorter than 5 characters.`
你提供的密码非常弱:密码的长度小于 5 个字符。
Create User 创建用户
As you enter the password, it will be evaluated and the installer will determine the password's strength. If the installer considers your password weak, a message will appear at the bottom of the screen, explaining which aspect of your chosen password is considered insuficient. For example: 在你输入密码的时候,安装程序会评估密码的强度。如果安装程序认为你的密码非常弱,屏幕顶部会弹出相关的信息,告知你输入的密码在哪一方面有所欠缺,例如:
The `Create User` screen can be used to create and configure one normal (non-`root`) user account during the installation. Only one user account can be configured here; if you require more accounts, wait until the installation completes, reboot your system and then create other accounts using either the [command]#useradd# command in a terminal, or a graphical utility for managing user accounts (for example, the `Users` screen in the Settings menu in [application]*GNOME*). 在安装的过程中你可以使用创建用户页面创建和配置一个(除了 root 之外的)用户。如果你需要多个账户,你可以在安装完成重启后通过命令行 [command]#useradd# 或者 GNOME 设置等方式继续创建。
To additional settings, click the `Advanced` button below the password input fields. A new dialog window titled `Advanced User Configuration` will open. This dialog is described in the following section. 如果你希望对用户做进一步的设置,你可以点击位于表单下方的高级选项按钮。此时一个对话框会弹出,我们会在下面介绍这个对话框。
If you give administrator privileges to an user, make sure that the account is protected by a strong password. Never give an user administrator privileges without requiring any password for the account. 如果你要将一名用户添加到管理员组,请确认他的密码安全性足够高。千万不要给一个无密码的普通用户赋予管理身份。
If a message similar to the above appears, it is highly recommended to choose a different, stronger password. 如果有这样的信息出现,我们建议你选择一个不同的且安全性更佳的密码。
See the [citetitle]_{PRODUCT} Security Guide_, available at the link:++[], for detailed information about password security including guidelines for selecting strong passwords. 如需了解有关密码安全性相关的更多信息,请阅读 link:++[] 上的 [citetitle]_{PRODUCT} Security Guide_ 页面。
Creating a normal user account is not required to finish the installation; however, it is highly recommended. If you do not create one, you will have to log in to the system as `root` directly, which is *not* recommended. 尽管不是必须的,我们依然强烈建议你在安装时创建一个普通用户。否则你就得必须直接使用 `root` 进行登录,这是我们非常不建议的。
Advanced settings for the new user account. 新用户高级设定。
The Create screen. Use the text input fields to create a user account and configure its settings. 用户创建页面。填写表单创建和配置用户。
The user's ID (UID). The default value is 1000. UIDs 0-999 are reserved by the system so they can not be assigned to an user. 用户的 ID(UID),默认值是 1000。0-999 是系统保留的 ID 号,你不能将这些 ID 号分配给用户。
The user's group membership. The user account you are creating will always have one default group membership (the user's default group with an ID set in the `Specify a group ID manually` field). In the `Group Membership` field, you can specify additional groups as a comma-separated list. Groups which do not already exist will be created; you can specify custom GIDs for them in parentheses. If you do not specify a custom GID for a new group, it will be assigned automatically. 用户的其它组信息。所有的用户帐号都会有一个默认组信息(默认组有专门的选项进行设置),而在其它组信息设置这里你可以填写额外组别的信息,组别名称之间用逗号间隔。还没创建的组会被自动创建,你可以在圆括号内指定 GID 信息。如果你不为组别指定 GID,我们将为你的小组自动分配 GID。
The user's `Home directory` (`/home/pass:attributes[{blank}]_username_pass:attributes[{blank}]` by default). 用户的家目录(默认是 /home/pass:attributes[{blank}]_username_pass:attributes[{blank}]` )。
Advanced User Configuration 用户高级选项
The `Advanced User Configuration` dialog allows you to change the following settings for the new user account. 用户高级选项对话框允许你对新用户做以下的设定。
The the group ID (GID) of the user's default group. The default group name will be the same as the user name, and its default GID is 1000. GIDs 0-999 are reserved by the system so they can not be assigned to an user's group. 用户默认组的 ID 号(GID)。默认的组名跟用户名相同,默认的 GID 是 1000。同样 0-999 是系统保留的 ID 号,你不能将这些 ID 号分配给用户组。