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Create User 创建用户
The `Create User` screen can be used to create and configure one normal (non-`root`) user account during the installation. Only one user account can be configured here; if you require more accounts, wait until the installation completes, reboot your system and then create other accounts using either the [command]#useradd# command in a terminal, or a graphical utility for managing user accounts (for example, the `Users` screen in the Settings menu in [application]*GNOME*). 在安装的过程中你可以使用创建用户页面创建和配置一个(除了 root 之外的)用户。如果你需要多个账户,你可以在安装完成重启后通过命令行 [command]#useradd# 或者 GNOME 设置等方式继续创建。
Creating a normal user account is not required to finish the installation; however, it is highly recommended. If you do not create one, you will have to log in to the system as `root` directly, which is *not* recommended. 尽管不是必须的,我们依然强烈建议你在安装时创建一个普通用户。否则你就得必须直接使用 `root` 进行登录,这是我们非常不建议的。
The Create screen. Use the text input fields to create a user account and configure its settings. 用户创建页面。填写表单创建和配置用户。
anaconda/UserSpoke.png anaconda/UserSpoke.png
To configure a user account, fill out the `Full name` (for example, `John Smith`) and `Username` (for example, `jsmith`). The `username` will used to log in from a command line; if you install a graphical environment, then your graphical login manager will use `Full name`. 要配置一个用户帐户,你需要添加用户名称(例如 `John Smith`)和帐号(例如 `jsmith`)。帐号将被用于在控制台登录你的系统。如果你使用图形界面,你的登录管理器将会显示你的用户名称。
Make sure that the `Require a password to use this account` check box is enabled, enter a password you want to use for this account into the `Password` field. The characters you write will be displayed as dots for security. Then, repeat the same password in the `Confirm password` field below to ensure you entered it properly. Both entered passwords must be the same. 请务必勾选启用帐户密码,并在密码栏填写一个密码。为了安全起见无论你敲的字符是什么我们都只会显示实心圆点。接下来你还需要再输入一次密码以确认你刚才输入的密码准确无误。注意两次输入的密码要一致才行。
As you enter the password, it will be evaluated and the installer will determine the password's strength. If the installer considers your password weak, a message will appear at the bottom of the screen, explaining which aspect of your chosen password is considered insuficient. For example: 在你输入密码的时候,安装程序会评估密码的强度。如果安装程序认为你的密码非常弱,屏幕顶部会弹出相关的信息,告知你输入的密码在哪一方面有所欠缺,例如:
`The password you have provided is weak:` `The password is shorter than 5 characters.`
你提供的密码非常弱:密码的长度小于 5 个字符。
If a message similar to the above appears, it is highly recommended to choose a different, stronger password. 如果有这样的信息出现,我们建议你选择一个不同的且安全性更佳的密码。
The `Make this user administrator` check box gives the user you are creatng administrative rights (by adding this user into the `wheel` group), allowing this user to use the [command]#sudo# command to perform tasks normally only available to `root` using only the user password, instead of the `root` password. This may be more convenient, but can also pose a security risk. 你可以选择将用户添加到管理员组(也就是 `wheel` 组),这样子用户就可以通过 [command]#sudo# 命令而从只需要自己的密码就能执行特权任务。这可以使得许多工作变得简单,但也有可能带来安全隐患。
If you give administrator privileges to an user, make sure that the account is protected by a strong password. Never give an user administrator privileges without requiring any password for the account. 如果你要将一名用户添加到管理员组,请确认他的密码安全性足够高。千万不要给一个无密码的普通用户赋予管理身份。
See the [citetitle]_{PRODUCT} Security Guide_, available at the link:++https://docs.fedoraproject.org/++[], for detailed information about password security including guidelines for selecting strong passwords. 如需了解有关密码安全性相关的更多信息,请阅读 link:++https://docs.fedoraproject.org/++[] 上的 [citetitle]_{PRODUCT} Security Guide_ 页面。
To additional settings, click the `Advanced` button below the password input fields. A new dialog window titled `Advanced User Configuration` will open. This dialog is described in the following section. 如果你希望对用户做进一步的设置,你可以点击位于表单下方的高级选项按钮。此时一个对话框会弹出,我们会在下面介绍这个对话框。
Advanced User Configuration 用户高级选项
The `Advanced User Configuration` dialog allows you to change the following settings for the new user account. 用户高级选项对话框允许你对新用户做以下的设定。
Advanced settings for the new user account. 新用户高级设定。
anaconda/UserSpoke_Advanced.png anaconda/UserSpoke_Advanced.png
The user's `Home directory` (`/home/pass:attributes[{blank}]_username_pass:attributes[{blank}]` by default). 用户的家目录(默认是 /home/pass:attributes[{blank}]_username_pass:attributes[{blank}]` )。
The user's ID (UID). The default value is 1000. UIDs 0-999 are reserved by the system so they can not be assigned to an user. 用户的 ID(UID),默认值是 1000。0-999 是系统保留的 ID 号,你不能将这些 ID 号分配给用户。