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RPM Packaging Overview
Use this guide to create RPM packages and `.spec` files. Despite the focus on Fedora, you can apply much of this document to other RPM-based distributions.
For a general-purpose RPM building guide for packagers on Fedora, CentOS, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux, see the https://rpm-packaging-guide.github.io/[RPM Packaging Guide].
For more information about packaging guidelines, see the following guides:
https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/packaging-guidelines/[Packaging Guidelines]
https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/packaging-guidelines/LicensingGuidelines/[Licensing Guidelines]
https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/packaging-guidelines/Naming/[Package Naming Guidelines]
https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/packaging-guidelines/DistTag/[Dist Tag Guidelines]
https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/packaging-guidelines/ReviewGuidelines/[Package Review Guidelines]
https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/packaging-guidelines/Scriptlets/[Recipes for RPM scriptlets]
Before you begin, select a text editor that you want to use, and ensure that you understand the following terminology.
RPM terminology
The package manager used by Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Mageia, OpenSUSE and others. Originally RPM stood for "Red Hat Package Manager" but now it is a recursive acronym "RPM Package Manager".
spec file
A plain text file that contains information about a package and instructions that RPM uses for compiling the package's software. To name the file, use the name of the package with the file extension `.spec`.
A string, generally capitalized and followed by a colon, which appears at the top of the `.spec` file to provide some important data about the RPM, such as `Name:`, `Version:` or `Summary:`.
A segment of the `.spec` file that tells RPM how to perform some portion of the package construction process. Many, but not all, sections contain code that is simply passed to the shell, though RPM has significant flexibility around this that is outside of the scope of this document.