|The [command]#useradd# command with the [option]`-e, --expiredate` or [option]`-f, --inactive` option.|
|Managing Users in a Graphical Environment|
|indexterm:[users,user configuration]indexterm:[groups,group configuration]indexterm:[user configuration,viewing list of users]indexterm:[group configuration,viewing list of groups]indexterm:[the Users settings tool,user configuration] The [application]*Users* utility allows you to view, modify, add, and delete local users in the graphical user interface.|
|Using the Users Settings Tool|
|Press the kbd:[Super] key to enter the Activities Overview, type [command]#Users# and then press kbd:[Enter]. The [application]*Users* settings tool appears. The kbd:[Super] key appears in a variety of guises, depending on the keyboard and other hardware, but often as either the Windows or Command key, and typically to the left of the Spacebar.|
|To make changes to the user accounts, first select the btn:[Unlock] button and authenticate yourself as indicated by the dialog box that appears. Note that unless you have superuser privileges, the application will prompt you to authenticate as `root`. To add and remove users, select the btn:[+] and btn:[-] button respectively. To add a user to the administrative group `wheel`, change the Account Type from `Standard` to `Administrator`. To edit a user's language setting, select the language and a drop-down menu appears.|
|The Users Settings Tool|
|The Users settings tool|
|When a new user is created, the account is disabled until a password is set. The Add User menu contains the options to set a password by the administrator immediately, or to allow the user to choose a password at the first login.|
|Using Command Line Tools|
|indexterm:[users,tools for management of,useradd]indexterm:[users,tools for management of,the Users setting tool]indexterm:[groups,tools for management of,groupadd] Apart from the [application]*Users* settings tool described in xref:basic-system-configuration/Managing_Users_and_Groups.adoc#s1-users-configui[Managing Users in a Graphical Environment], which is designed for basic managing of users, you can use command line tools for managing users and groups that are listed in xref:Managing_Users_and_Groups.adoc#table-users-tools[Command line utilities for managing users and groups].|
|Command line utilities for managing users and groups|
|[command]#id#|Displays user and group IDs.
|[command]#useradd#, [command]#usermod#, [command]#userdel#|Standard utilities for adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts.
|[command]#groupadd#, [command]#groupmod#, [command]#groupdel#|Standard utilities for adding, modifying, and deleting groups.
|[command]#gpasswd#|Standard utility for administering the `/etc/group` configuration file.
|[command]#pwck#, [command]#grpck#|Utilities that can be used for verification of the password, group, and associated shadow files.
|[command]#pwconv#, [command]#pwunconv#|Utilities that can be used for the conversion of passwords to shadow passwords, or back from shadow passwords to standard passwords.
|[command]#grpconv#, [command]#grpunconv#|Similar to the previous, these utilities can be used for conversion of shadowed information for group accounts.
|Adding a New User|
|indexterm:[useradd command,user account creation using]indexterm:[adding,user]indexterm:[user configuration,command line configuration,useradd] To add a new user to the system, type the following at a shell prompt as `root`:|
[command]#useradd# _options_ _username_
|…where _options_ are command-line options as described in xref:Managing_Users_and_Groups.adoc#table-useradd-options[Common useradd command-line options]. indexterm:[user configuration,command line configuration,passwd] By default, the [command]#useradd# command creates a locked user account. To unlock the account, run the following command as `root` to assign a password:|
|Optionally, you can set a password aging policy. See xref:Managing_Users_and_Groups.adoc#s2-users-tools-password-aging[Enabling Password Aging] for information on how to enable password aging.|