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Improved performance of Python
Depending on the workload, up to 27% improved performance is now observed in Python-based software. The improved performance is accomplished by building the Python interpreter with `-fno-semantic-interposition`. Because there is no semantic interposition now, the internal symbol look-ups from `libpython` to `libpython` library are direct and faster.
As a consequence, if Fedora users need to use `LD_PRELOAD` to override symbols in `libpython`, the recommended way is to build a custom Python build without `-fno-semantic-interposition`. However, it is still possible to use `LD_PRELOAD` to override symbols in other libraries (for example in glibc).
Python 2 has been removed
The Python upstream stopped supporting Python 2 on 1 January 2020. For this reason, Fedora 32 removes Python 2 packages.
The following packages are no longer available:
The `python2` package and all its subpackages.
All packages that need Python 2 to run.
All packages that need Python 2 to build.
Fedora 32 still provides a legacy `python27` package. This package is intended for developers who need to support Python 2 and for users who need to use software that depends on Python 2.
The `python27` package has several limitations compared to the original `python2` package:
The package has no subpackages. All content is stored in the single package.
The package provides no debug build, which was previously available as `python2-debug`.
The package does not provide the `/usr/bin/python` binary.
Any special backwards compatible Provides are removed (this package is not intended to be depended upon).
Deprecated support for Nose
Support for Nose is now deprecated. However for now, the `python3-nose` package continues to be available in the Fedora repositories. No specific release it yet targeted to remove the `python3-nose` package.
Users and packagers of dependent packages are encouraged to switch to `python3-pytest` or `python3-nose2`.
Notes on migrating user-installed pip packages