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Installation Destination
The `Installation Destination` screen allows you to configure storage options - namely, which disks will be used as the installation target for your {PRODUCT} installation. At least one disk must always be selected for the installation to proceed.
For information about the theory and concepts behind disk partitioning in Linux, see xref:Installing_Using_Anaconda.adoc#sect-installation-gui-manual-partitioning-recommended[Recommended Partitioning Scheme].
If you plan to use a disk which already contains some data - for example, if you want to shrink an existing Microsoft Windows partition and install {PRODUCT} as a second system or if you are upgrading a previous release of {PRODUCT}, make sure to back up any important data first. Manipulating partitions always carries a risk - if the process is interrupted or fails for any reason (installer error, hardware failure, power outage, etc.), any data already on the disk may become impossible to recover.
The Installation Destination screen. There are two local standard disks available
In the top part of the screen, all locally available storage devices (SATA, IDE and SCSI hard drives, USB flash drives, etc.) are displayed in the `Local Standard Disks` section. Local disks are detected when the installer starts - any storage devices connected after the installation has started will not be shown.
If you need to configure additional local storage devices, select `I will configure partitioning` and press `Done` to move to xref:Installing_Using_Anaconda.adoc#sect-installation-gui-manual-partitioning[Manual Partitioning]. Then, connect any new hard drives you want to make available during the installation, and press the button marked by a circular arrow in the set of controls below the list of mount points on the left side of the screen. In the dialog window that opens, press `Rescan Disks` and wait until the scanning process completes. Then, press `OK` to return to xref:install/Installing_Using_Anaconda.adoc#sect-installation-gui-storage-partitioning[Installation Destination]; all detected disks including any new ones will be displayed in the `Local Standard Disks` section.
The `Specialized & Network Disks` section below shows advanced network storage (such as iSCSI and FCoE disks) currently configured. When you first open this screen, no such devices will be displayed because they can not be automatically detected; to search for network storage devices, press `Add a disk` button and proceed with xref:Installing_Using_Anaconda.adoc#sect-installation-gui-installation-destination[Installation Destination - Specialized & Network Disks]. Any network storage you configure will then show up in the `Specialized & Network Disks` the same way local disks are shown above.
All storage devices which will be used to install {PRODUCT} have a black circle icon with a white check mark on them. Disks not marked by this icon will not be used during the installation - they will be ignored if you choose automatic partitioning, and they will not be available in manual partitioning.
USB storage devices such as flash drives and external disks will be shown in the `Local Standard Disks` as well, and they will be available for selection the same way internal hard drives are. Make sure to *not* select any removable storage as installation targets unless you really want to do so. If you accidentally use a removable drive to install {PRODUCT} and then unplug it, your system will likely become unusable.
Unselected and Selected Disk
Disk selection in the Installation Destination screen. Two disks are displayed; only the one on the right side will be used
After you select all disks you want to install {PRODUCT}, select one of the two options in the `Other Storage Options` section:
`Automatically configure partitioning` - If this option is selected, then after you press `Done` in the top left corner of the screen, the installer will determine the total amount of space on all selected disks, and it will create a _Logical Volume Management_ (LVM) layout suitable for your system. The specifics of this layout depend on whether your system uses BIOS or UEFI firmware, the total amount of free space on your disks, and the amount of RAM on your system (which determines the size of your swap space).
With automatic partitioning, you can also select the `I would like to make additional space available` option below. Use this option if you want to reclaim space from an existing partitioning layout - for example, if a disk you want to use already contains a different operating system, and you want to make this system's partitions smaller to allow more room for {PRODUCT}. The `Reclaim space` dialog which opens if this option is selected is described later in this section.
`I will configure partitioning` - Select this option and press `Done` in the top left corner of the screen to configure your system's partitioning layout manually. This requires some knowledge of the theory behind disk partitions and related concepts, but gives you full control over the way the system will be installed. For instructions for manual partitioning, see xref:Installing_Using_Anaconda.adoc#sect-installation-gui-manual-partitioning[Manual Partitioning].
Additionally, you can select `Encrypt my data`pass:attributes[{blank}]; this will encrypt all partitions except the ones needed to boot the system (such as `/boot`) using _Linux Unified Key Setup_ (LUKS). Encrypting your hard drive is recommended. For detailed information about LUKS encryption, see the [citetitle]_{PRODUCT} Security{nbsp}Guide_, available at link:++https://docs.fedoraproject.org/++[].
If you lose the LUKS passphrase, any encrypted partitions and the data on them will become completely inaccessible. There is no way to recover a lost passphrase. However, if you perform a Kickstart installation, you can save encryption passphrases and create backup encryption passphrases during the installation. See xref:advanced/Kickstart_Installations.adoc#chap-kickstart-installations[Automating the Installation with Kickstart] for information about Kickstart installations.