English Chinese (Simplified)
Preboot Execution Environment, or PXE, is a techonology that allows computers to boot directly from resources provided over the network. Installing Fedora over the network means you don't have to create media, and you can install to multiple computers or virtual machine simultaneously. The process involves a number of components and features working together to provide the resources required. 预先启动安装环境或PXE,是一种允许电脑直接从网络上的资源来启动的技术。通过网络安装Fedora意味着你不需要创建媒体,并且你可以同时将操作系统安装到多台电脑或虚拟机上。这个过程包含了大量的组件和特性共同提供需要的资源。
Restart the dhcp service to check the configuration and make changes as needed. 重启dhcp服务来检查配置,并且如果需要的话就更改配置。
Configuring client bootloaders 配置客户端bootloader
Package repository 软件源
Getting the kernel and initrd 获取内核和initrd
Get the bootloader files for UEFI systems 获取UEFI系统的bootloader文件
Getting the bootloader files 获取bootloader文件
Because the pre-boot environment is very simple, files must be provided in a very simple way. Trivial File Transfer Protocol, or TFTP, provides the system with the bootloader required to continue the installation process. 由于预启动环境非常简单,所以文件必须以一种非常简单的方式被提供。普通文件传输协议,或TFTP,将系统提供给要求继续安装过程的bootloader。
Because the job of booting an operating system is too complex for the pre-boot environment, a bootloader is used to load the kernel and related files. It also provides configuration information to the installer, and can offer a menu to select from different configurations. 由于启动一个操作系统的工作对于预启动环境而言太过于复杂,所以需要一个bootloader来加载内核和相关的文件。它还为安装器提供配置信息,还能提供一个用于选择不同配置的菜单。
Test your configuration and address any problems you discover. 测试你的配置并且标出你发现的问题的位置。
This appendix is intended for users with previous Linux experience. If you are a new user, you may want to install using minimal boot media or the distribution DVD instead. 此附录为之前有过Linux经验的人而准备。如果你是一个新用户,那么你也许想要使用最小启动媒体或者发行版DVD,而不是这个来进行安装。
The examples in this section use the public Fedora mirrors as the package source. For faster installations, installing to many systems, or more isolated environments, you may wish to maintain a local repository. 本小节中的例子使用Fedora镜像作为软件源。为了更快的安装或安装大量系统,或更多的隔离环境,那么你也许想要维护一个本地软件源。
Setting Up an Installation Server 搭建安装服务器
Providing repositories 提供软件源
Providing and configuring bootloaders for PXE clients 提供并配置用于PXE服务器的bootloader
When a system requests an address during network booting, the DHCP server also provides the location of files to boot. A network should have only one DHCP server. 当一个操作系统在网络启动时需要一个地址时,DHCP服务器也将提供用于启动的文件的地址。一个网络需要有且仅有一个DHCP服务器。
Start and enable the `tftp socket`. `systemd` will automatically start the `tftpd` service when required. 开始并启用`tftp socket`。当需要时,`systemd`将自动启动`tftpd`服务。
Installing and configuring dhcpd 安装并配置dhcpd
Install the tftp server package. 安装tftp服务器软件包。
Installing the tftp server 安装tftp服务器