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Preparing for Installation
This chapter describes the steps you need take before you begin the installation. Not every step must be strictly followed - for example, if you plan to use the default installation settings, you do not need to gather system information such as disk device labels/UUIDs or network information such as the system's IP address. However, you should still go through this chapter, as it also describes the available types of installation media and how to prepare boot media and installation sources. 本章节将介绍开始安装之前的一些准备事项。你不需要严格按照这里所说地去做,例如说如果你希望使用默认的安装设定,你就不需要收集分区 UUID 信息和卷标或者网络信息如 IP 地质。然而,你仍然应该读一下这个章节,它将为你介绍可用的安装介质、如何准备安装介质和安装来源。
Upgrade or Install? 升级还是安装?
If you already have Fedora installed and want to upgrade your installation to the current version, there are two basic ways to do so: 如果你已经安装 Fedora 且希望将你的系统升级到当前的版本,你可以:
Automatic upgrade using [application]*dnf system upgrade* 使用 [application]*dnf system upgrade* 执行自动升级
The preferred way to upgrade your system is an automatic upgrade using the [application]*dnf system upgrade* utility. For information on performing an automatic upgrade, see link:++https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/DNF_system_upgrade++[Fedora Wiki dnf system upgrade]. 使用 [application]*dnf system upgrade* 执行升级是我们推荐的方式。你可以阅读 link:++https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/DNF_system_upgrade++[这个页面] 了解如何通过这个方式升级。
Manual Reinstallation 手动重装系统
You can upgrade to the latest version of Fedora manually instead of relying on [application]*dnf system upgrade*. This involves booting the installer as if you were performing a clean installation, letting it detect your existing Fedora system, and overwriting the root partition while preserving data on other partitions and volumes. The same process can also be used to reinstall the system, if you need to. For detailed information, see xref:../advanced/Upgrading_Your_Current_System.adoc#sect-upgrading-fedora-manual-reinstall[Manual System Upgrade or Reinstallation].
Always back up your data before performing an upgrade or reinstalling your system, no matter which method you choose. 无论如何,在升级和重装系统之前务必备份好你的个人数据。
Downloading Boot and Installation Images
The Fedora Project offers different Editions tailored for some specific use cases. Choose the Fedora Edition best for you, or you can build your own by customizing after the installation, or by using a kickstart file as described in xref:../advanced/Kickstart_Installations.adoc#sect-kickstart-file-create[Creating a Kickstart File]. Kickstart installation requires the `netinstall` media type, or a direct installation booting method such as PXE; kickstarts are not supported with live images.
Read more about Fedora Workstation, Fedora Cloud, Fedora Server and the available media types in xref:../Downloading_Fedora.adoc#chap-downloading-fedora[Downloading Fedora].
You can also choose a Fedora _Spin_ featuring favorite alternative desktops or tools for specialized tasks at link:++http://spins.fedoraproject.org++[].
Verifying the Downloaded Image
Because transmission errors or other problems may corrupt the Fedora image you have downloaded, it is important to verify the file's integrity. After the images are created, an operation is performed on the file that produces a value called a `checksum` using a complex mathematical algorithm. The operation is sufficiently complex that *any change* to the original file will produce a different checksum.
By calculating the image's `checksum` on your own computer and comparing it to the original `checksum`, you can verify the image has not been tampered with or corrupted. The original checksum values are provided at link:++https://fedoraproject.org/verify++[], and are [command]#gpg# signed to demonstrate their integrity.
Verifying checksums on Windows systems
Download the Fedora image of your choice from link:++https://fedoraproject.org/get-fedora++[] and the corresponding checksum file from link:++https://fedoraproject.org/verify++[]
Open a [command]#powershell# session.
Change to the directory containing the downloaded files.