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Preparing for Installation Mempersiapkan Instalasi
This chapter describes the steps you need take before you begin the installation. Not every step must be strictly followed - for example, if you plan to use the default installation settings, you do not need to gather system information such as disk device labels/UUIDs or network information such as the system's IP address. However, you should still go through this chapter, as it also describes the available types of installation media and how to prepare boot media and installation sources. Bab ini menjelaskan langkah yang perlu diambil sebelum Anda memulai instalasi. Tidak setiap langkah harus diikuti secara ketat - misalnya, jika Anda berencana untuk menggunakan pengaturan instalasi default, Anda tidak perlu mengumpulkan informasi sistem seperti label perangkat disk/UUID atau informasi jaringan seperti alamat IP sistem. Namun, Anda masih harus melewati bab ini, karena ini juga menjelaskan jenis media instalasi yang tersedia dan bagaimana mempersiapkan media boot dan sumber instalasi.
Upgrade or Install? Tingkatkan atau Pasang Baru?
If you already have Fedora installed and want to upgrade your installation to the current version, there are two basic ways to do so: Jika Anda sudah menginstal Fedora dan ingin meningkatkan instalasi Anda ke versi saat ini, ada dua cara dasar untuk melakukannya:
Automatic upgrade using [application]*dnf system upgrade* Upgrade otomatis menggunakan [application]*dnf system upgrade*
The preferred way to upgrade your system is an automatic upgrade using the [application]*dnf system upgrade* utility. For information on performing an automatic upgrade, see link:++https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/DNF_system_upgrade++[Fedora Wiki dnf system upgrade]. Cara yang lebih disukai untuk meningkatkan sistem Anda adalah upgrade otomatis menggunakan utilitas [application]*dnf system upgrade*. Untuk informasi tentang melakukan upgrade otomatis, lihat link:++https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/DNF_system_upgrade++[dnf system upgrade Wiki Fedora].
Manual Reinstallation Instalasi Ulang Manual
Always back up your data before performing an upgrade or reinstalling your system, no matter which method you choose. Selalu cadangkan data Anda sebelum melakukan upgrade atau instal ulang sistem Anda, apa pun metode yang Anda pilih.
Downloading Boot and Installation Images Mengunduh Image Boot dan Instalasi
Verifying the Downloaded Image Memverifikasi Image yang Diunduh
Because transmission errors or other problems may corrupt the Fedora image you have downloaded, it is important to verify the file's integrity. After the images are created, an operation is performed on the file that produces a value called a `checksum` using a complex mathematical algorithm. The operation is sufficiently complex that *any change* to the original file will produce a different checksum. Karena kesalahan transmisi atau masalah lain mungkin merusak image Fedora yang telah Anda unduh, penting untuk memverifikasi integritas berkas. Setelah image dibuat, operasi dilakukan pada image yang menghasilkan nilai yang disebut `checksum` menggunakan algoritma matematika yang kompleks. Operasi ini cukup kompleks sehingga *sebarang perubahan* pada berkas asli akan menghasilkan checksum yang berbeda.
Verifying checksums on Windows systems Memverifikasi checksum pada sistem Windows
Open a [command]#powershell# session. Buka sesi [command]#powershell#.
Change to the directory containing the downloaded files. Pindah ke direktori yang berisi berkas yang diunduh.
> cd $HOME\Downloads\
> ls
> cd $HOME\Downloads\
> ls
Directory: C:\Users\Pete\Downloads
Directory: C:\Users\Budi\Downloads
Mode LastWriteTime Length Name
---- ------------- ------ ----
-a--- 11/25/2014 12:39 PM 272 Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM
-a--- 11/25/2014 12:39 PM 2047868928 Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso
Mode LastWriteTime Length Name
---- ------------- ------ ----
-a--- 11/25/2014 12:39 PM 272 Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM
-a--- 11/25/2014 12:39 PM 2047868928 Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso
Load the resources required to calculate the checksum. Muat sumber daya yang diperlukan untuk menghitung checksum.
> $image = "Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso"
> $checksum_file = "Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM"
> $sha256 = New-Object -TypeName System.Security.Cryptography.sha256CryptoServiceProvider
> $expected_checksum = ((Get-Content $checksum_file | Select-String -Pattern $image) -split " ")[0].ToLower()
> $image = "Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso"
> $checksum_file = "Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM"
> $sha256 = New-Object -TypeName System.Security.Cryptography.sha256CryptoServiceProvider
> $expected_checksum = ((Get-Content $checksum_file | Select-String -Pattern $image) -split " ")[0].ToLower()
Calculate the downloaded image's checksum. This will take a while! Hitung checksum image yang diunduh. Ini akan memakan waktu lama!