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$ [command]#cd ~/Downloads#
$ [command]#cd ~/Downloads#
$ [command]#dmesg|tail#
[288954.686557] usb 2-1.8: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=1, SerialNumber=2
[288954.686559] usb 2-1.8: Product: USB Storage
[288954.686562] usb 2-1.8: SerialNumber: 000000009225
[288954.712590] usb-storage 2-1.8:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[288954.712687] scsi host6: usb-storage 2-1.8:1.0
[288954.712809] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[288954.716682] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
[288955.717140] scsi 6:0:0:0: Direct-Access Generic STORAGE DEVICE 9228 PQ: 0 ANSI: 0
[288955.717745] sd 6:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg4 type 0
[288961.876382] sd 6:0:0:0: *sdd* Attached SCSI removable disk
$ [command]#dmesg|tail#
[288954.686557] usb 2-1.8: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=1, SerialNumber=2
[288954.686559] usb 2-1.8: Product: USB Storage
[288954.686562] usb 2-1.8: SerialNumber: 000000009225
[288954.712590] usb-storage 2-1.8:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[288954.712687] scsi host6: usb-storage 2-1.8:1.0
[288954.712809] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[288954.716682] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
[288955.717140] scsi 6:0:0:0: Direct-Access Generic STORAGE DEVICE 9228 PQ: 0 ANSI: 0
[288955.717745] sd 6:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg4 type 0
[288961.876382] sd 6:0:0:0: *sdd* Attached SCSI removable disk
$ [command]#sudo dnf install mediawriter#
$ [command]#sudo dnf install mediawriter#
$ [command]#sudo mediawriter#
$ [command]#sudo mediawriter#
> $download_checksum = [System.BitConverter]::ToString($sha256.ComputeHash([System.IO.File]::ReadAllBytes("$PWD\$image"))).ToLower() -replace '-', ''
> $download_checksum = [System.BitConverter]::ToString($sha256.ComputeHash([System.IO.File]::ReadAllBytes("$PWD\$image"))).ToLower() -replace '-', ''
> $image = "Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso"
> $checksum_file = "Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM"
> $sha256 = New-Object -TypeName System.Security.Cryptography.sha256CryptoServiceProvider
> $expected_checksum = ((Get-Content $checksum_file | Select-String -Pattern $image) -split " ")[0].ToLower()
> $image = "Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso"
> $checksum_file = "Fedora-Server-21-x86_64-CHECKSUM"
> $sha256 = New-Object -TypeName System.Security.Cryptography.sha256CryptoServiceProvider
> $expected_checksum = ((Get-Content $checksum_file | Select-String -Pattern $image) -split " ")[0].ToLower()
$ sha256sum -c *CHECKSUM
$ sha256sum -c *CHECKSUM
Always back up your data before performing an upgrade or reinstalling your system, no matter which method you choose. Selalu cadangkan data Anda sebelum melakukan upgrade atau instal ulang sistem Anda, apa pun metode yang Anda pilih.
Automatic upgrade using [application]*dnf system upgrade* Upgrade otomatis menggunakan [application]*dnf system upgrade*
Because transmission errors or other problems may corrupt the Fedora image you have downloaded, it is important to verify the file's integrity. After the images are created, an operation is performed on the file that produces a value called a `checksum` using a complex mathematical algorithm. The operation is sufficiently complex that *any change* to the original file will produce a different checksum. Karena kesalahan transmisi atau masalah lain mungkin merusak image Fedora yang telah Anda unduh, penting untuk memverifikasi integritas berkas. Setelah image dibuat, operasi dilakukan pada image yang menghasilkan nilai yang disebut `checksum` menggunakan algoritma matematika yang kompleks. Operasi ini cukup kompleks sehingga *sebarang perubahan* pada berkas asli akan menghasilkan checksum yang berbeda.
Calculate the downloaded image's checksum. This will take a while! Hitung checksum image yang diunduh. Ini akan memakan waktu lama!
> cd $HOME\Downloads\
> ls
> cd $HOME\Downloads\
> ls
Change to the directory containing the downloaded files. Pindah ke direktori yang berisi berkas yang diunduh.
Click the menu icon in the upper right corner of the window, and choose the `Restore Disk Image` option. Klik ikon menu di sudut kanan atas jendela, dan pilih opsi `Pulihkan Image Diska`.
Click your USB device in the left column. Klik perangkat USB Anda di kolom sebelah kiri.
Compare the calculated checksum to the expected checksum. Bandingkan checksum yang dihitung ke checksum yang diharapkan.
Confirm your selection, and wait for the disc to be burned. Konfirmasikan pilihan Anda, dan tunggu hingga disk dibakar.
Creating a Boot CD or DVD Membuat CD atau DVD Boot
Creating USB Media on the Linux command line Membuat USB media pada baris perintah Linux
Creating USB media with [application]*GNOME Disks* Membuat media USB dengan [application]*GNOME Disks*